Atatürk's Revolutions


The great leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s reforms made in the development of our country and our nation’s rising prosperity in all aspects of the modern Republic of Turkey to the level that can compete with other developed countries come to be regarded as the greatest strides. Atatürk realized the reforms in the political field, in law, education and culture in the area, the changes in the economic field and in the social field, as some can be grouped under headings.


The revolutions in politics

Abolition of the Sultanete (1 st November 1922)
The declaration of the Republic (29 th October 1923)
Abolition of the Caliphate (3 rd March 1924)


The revolutions in law

The essence of the organization tothe law (1921)
1924 Constitution
Closure of the religious court (1924)
Acceptance of civil law (1926
Acceptance of penal code (1926)
Abolition of the mecelle (the old Turkish civil code) (1924-1937)


The revolutions in education and culture

The opening up of national school (1920)
Combination of teaching (1924)
Law on organization of Ministry of Education (1926)
Closure of madrasas(1926)
Innovation in the arts (1928)
Letters revolution (1928)





Establishment of the Turkish language and history institutions (1931)
University reform (1933)






The revolutions in economics

Izmir Economic Congress (17 th February 1923)
Abolition of the tithe (17 th February 1925)
Encouragement of farmers (1925)
Example the establishment of farm (1925)
Establishment of agricultural credit cooperatives (1925)
Cabotage law (1 st July 1926)
İndustrial promotion law (28 th May 1927)
I. and II. development plans (1933,1937) 
Establishment of high agricultural institute (1935)
Establishment of trade and industry chambers (1935)
In the field of health care reforms


The revolutions in the social field

Closure of dervish lodges (30 th November 1925)
Costumes and costume changes (1925-1934)
Calender, clock and measure the changes (1925-1935)
Surname law (21 st June 1934)
Civil and political rights given to Turkish woman (1926-1934)
Hat law (25 th November 1925)